Israeli settlements, explained | Settlements Part I

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This is me driving in what I think is one
of the most bizarre places in the world. I just crossed over from Israel into the West
Bank. If you look at a map of where I am right now,
you will see a jumbled mess of of Palestinian towns shown here in green, and Israeli
settlements, which are blue. Many people think of this territory as Palestine. But of the 3 million people living out here,
almost twenty percent of them are Jewish Israeli citizens. The Israelis living out here are called settlers. They live in the West Bank but are citizens
of Israel. As I drive I’m looking at effectively two
different nations, woven into each other through decades of conflict,
I visited 15 settlements all over the West Bank, talking to the people who have decided
to pack up and move to middle of this disputed land. We’ll meet them in coming videos. But first let’s look at the maps that explain
how the West Bank got to looking like this. So let’s first go back to 1948, when the
map looks a lot different. Back then, all this land was controlled by
Great Britain. Due to growing tension between Jews and Arabs,
the UN worked with the Britain to split the land into two states, one for Jews, Israel,
and one for Arabs, Palestine. The Jews accepted the plan and declared independence. But the Arab states in the region saw this
plan as just more European colonialism. They didn’t accept the plan and declared
war with Israel. Israel won the war, pushing well past the
borders of the UN plan. During the peace negotiations, a ceasefire
line was drawn in green ink. It became known as the green line. It wasn’t a border, just a ceasefire line
with this being the state of Israel, and this section being controlled by Jordan, who had
taken control of it during the war they just fought. The Jordanians named this newly-seized land
the West Bank because it was West of the Jordan River. The fragile ceasefire remained until 1967
when Israel fought another war with its Arab neighbors. Israel wasn’t looking to take over land
in the war, but In just six days of fighting, it blew past the Green Line and seized a whole
swath of land, including the entire West Bank. Suddenly Israel had a decision to make: do
they make the West Bank a part of Israel and give the 1.1 million Arabs living there Israeli
citizenship and voting rights? Do they give back the land to their enemy
Jordan or else let the people create their own Palestinian state? This became a major debate in Israeli politics. Many Israelis saw this war they just won not
only as a military victory but a religious sign that the Jews were meant to return to
the the place where a huge amount of Jewish ancient history happened, the hills of ancient
Judea and Samaria, which was basically the entire West Bank. So while the government was debating what
to do, Israeli civilians began moving into the West Bank without any permission from
the government. They just starting setting up homes, establishing
a Jewish presence in this region. Suddenly, any debate about what to do with
the West Bank had to take this growing number of Israeli civilians into consideration. This is how the the settler movement was born. The rest of the world did not approve of this. As the settler presence grew, the UN issued
a resolution saying that the settlements had “…no legal validity and constitute a serious
obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.” Two different narratives emerged here: One
said Jewish civilians were moving onto mostly empty plots of land that they had captured
in a war and that had deep historical and spiritual significance to them. The other side, which is the side most of
the world took, said that these settlers were colonizing land to expand their nation. The settler project was widely seen as apart
of an illegal occupation of the West Bank. In spite of international condemnation, the
number of settlers grew quickly. Over the next few decades, more and more factions
of the Israeli government began to support the settler movement, allocating public resources
and granting permits for building. The Israeli housing ministry and military
began developing plans for how to build up the West Bank. They built roads throughout the entire region,
allowing for easy access between settlements and mainland Israel. More and more building permits were given
out and new planned communities began popping up all over the West Bank. The settlements slowly shifted from a fringe
group of motivated civilians to an institutionalized part of Israeli society, totally supported
by the state. Here are the Palestinian towns in the West
Bank. As settler activity surged in the 80s and
90s, watch how the settlements weave around these towns. Palestinians didn’t like this encroachment. They began protesting, sometimes with extreme
violence. Between the violence and the condemnation
from the international community of the settlements, the situation became unsustainable. So in the mid 90s American president Bill
Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat signed
the Oslo Accords, agreements that established Palestinian government and split the West
Bank into 3 sections. Area A gave Palestinians total control over
security and government. This makes up about 18% of the West Bank but
most of the palestinian population centers. This gave the Palestinian government self
rule for the first time. Area B was designated for Palestinian government
control while retaining Israeli security control, meaning the Israeli military remains very
present. Area B is about 22% of the West Bank. Area C Remained completely under Israeli military
and government control. This is where all the settlements are. It is about 60% of the West Bank. So this is how we ended up with this mess
of a map. Israelis can easily come and go to mainland
Israel through really nice roads that go straight to settlements. They call these “flyovers” because they
bypass Palestinian villages and give easy access from one settlement to another, although
not every settlement has a flyover road like this. Palestinians can drive on almost all roads
in the West Bank but their movement it often more difficult, having to stop at checkpoints
or have their car inspected by a soldier. But perhaps the biggest difficulty faced by
palestinians is how restricted their economy is due to this carved up land. Area C contains the majority of the West Banks
agricultural land, as well as water and mineral resources. Palestinians companies are severely restricted
in accessing these resources which takes a huge hit on their economy. So with these three sections agreed upon by
both sides, the settlements continued to grow within Area C. But in 2005 something happened
that would ignite even more passion for the settler movement., Israeli Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon decided to remove 8,500 settlers from the Gaza strip, another disputed area. Seeing Israelis being evicted, their homes
demolished, left a huge mark on the country, especially the settlers. They immediately redoubled their efforts to
settle the West Bank. The numbers continued to grow. Most people who think about resolution to
this conflict propose a two state solution, meaning giving the Palestinians a state somewhere
in the West Bank region. But if you look at this map you can see what
it’s getting harder and harder to do that. The settlers living in Area C of the West
Bank are not living in tents or Caravans. They are living in developed communities with
schools, hospitals and even a university. In the next video I will go inside the settlements
and talk to the people living there.

100 COMMENTS

  1. What a foolish story, when Jerusalem became a capital ? and when this land became Isreal Land ? they have no rights on that.
    Nothing is true in your video, take a look back on the history and correct your story line about the holy land.
    Vox, you need to control more your informations, don't mass for money.

  2. Hi friend i just one question for whole world and soil and west bank and america and western union End europe and other Big countries ۔….My questions way. Killing to Muslim ..Islam is very good religion and peaceful religion Islam respect to all to all countries in all to all regions

  3. There is no way Israel should be able to call it self a democratic nation. You can’t call yourself democratic when such a large portion of your population is denied citizenship and basic human rights. The Palestinians basically live in concentration camps and are denied the ability to move freely and live their lives.

  4. Why aren't more homes being built in the 3rd world with this level of sophistication? Everyone thinks its easy but a lot of the world has land that is undeveloped and at the same time has large amounts of people living in tiny squalid, tightly congested areas with land all around them that they have no clue on how to use.

  5. The fact that u called it is real shoes your stand… Palestine was there before even Britain colonized it… Israel is an illegal occupation # FreePalestine

  6. I don’t understand why Israel needs to give anything back. They won the war. It’s there land. Idk what’s up? I don’t know much but from what I saw, if you lose, you lose. That’s what war is about. You can’t demand when you lose.

  7. Sometimes I wake up and thank god I don’t live in the middle east. Its hot, war torn, and all the women are covered head to tow.

  8. Now it's explained! Thank u man for explaining this for me . I'm a Palestinian without a country thank u man for explaining this ! Thank u

  9. The very name Palestine came from the name the Romans used for Judea after conquering it. Since then people in the region began accepting this label and calling themselves Palestinians in the region. Most of the modern day people who call themself Palestinian are likely descendants of Arabs who moved on after the Arab conquest of the Levant and likely started large scale settlement in the 640s CE. Take from this what you will but these are the more objective facts.

  10. If muslims think israel is an occupied territory than they should leave iran, Iraq, pakistan , afganistan bcz they belonged to diff. Religion once before islam killed the native and conquered the place. Israel have every right to defend itd territories .jews have lived there long enough before islam was invented. Jews deserve a country of their own. When half of these muslim countries are killing and converting jews .prime eg is syria where yehzidis are facing the same fate

  11. West bank belongs to isreal. Jews been around or more than 3000 years. Muslims just came in to world 1600 years ago. Before islam the people there where either Christians or jews.. Muslim go back to the lake of fire where you come from

  12. Honestly I don't know how british are beloved around the globe; most conflicts today are largely based on their colonialism era: Hong Kong VS China, Israel stealing Palestinian lands, India VS Pakistan, Falkland Islands, etc

  13. As Pakistani Wished if we were with Isreal Neighbour we shouldn't Allow to Make their Jews Settlement in Muslims Areas.
    I Proud of My Country Pakistan 🇵🇰🇵🇰🇵🇰

  14. SADLY JEWISH PEOPLE BY BEING UNIQUE, AND NOT INTEGRATING WITH NATIONS AROUND, NOT SHARING   CAUSE  BIG STIR WHEREVER THEY ARE.   SAD REALITY FOR HUMANITY AS THEY ARE INFLUENCERS…

  15. 🇮🇱🇮🇱🇮🇱🇮🇱 Israel is the holy land of Israel and Christians who is M1 is a Palestine is there what you pics the birthday grandma like a paladin marshmelli pig

  16. The west invades Palestine, turns around and gives half of it to the Jews after they defeated Germany. Israel never existed before the WW2. We can not blame the middle east for what we have done there.

  17. There is no way you honestly think that the ppl of. Israel don’t deserve that land.. they have made every attempt to peacefully negotiate with a ppl that wants there absolute destruction?? I support all my brothers and sisters in the great nation of Israel!!!

  18. legends made country for there nation but israel is made by UN. israeli settlement is 100% ILLEGAL this i not jewish land this is Muslims land only for Muslims. israel make illegal occupation on our holy land. israel is totally 100% illegal country and the only one country that has no borders they extend there border when they want.

  19. PLO: “Israel has used the worst kinds of abuse, ethnic cleansing and imposing a regime of apartheid.”

    Qatar: “Israel continues to exercise apartheid in Palestine, which constitutes a crime against humanity.”

    Sudan: “Violence and terrorism are being exercised against the Palestinian people.”

    Syria: “Violations including building of apartheid walls… to legitimize theft of land and to Judaize Jerusalem.”

    Bahrain: “The separation wall is an example of the apartheid policy practiced by Israel.”

    Saudi Arabia: “Israel’s practices of discrimination and extremism…”

    UN Watch (Executive Director Hillel Neuer): Mr. President, let me begin by putting the following on the record: Everything we just heard — from the world’s worst abusers of human rights, of women’s rights, of freedom of religion, of the press, of assembly, of speech — is absolutely false; and, indeed, Orwellian.
    Today’s report does not consider Israelis to be deserving of human rights — consistent with the approach of this council, where today’s notorious agenda item against Israel completely ignores their human rights.

    Over the weekend, President Abbas announced he was giving his highest medal to Rima Khalaf, who resigned from the Economic and Social Commission of Western Asia, a Beirut-based UN agency of 18 Arab states, after Secretary General Guterres rightly instructed her to remove an absurd report which accused Israel of “apartheid.”

    Mr. President, why is Mr. Abbas celebrating a report written by the notorious Richard Falk, after his own Palestinian Mission here, tried in 2010, to remove Mr. Falk on the basis that he was “a partisan of Hamas,” as we know from WikiLeaks?

    The accusation against Israel is absurd. Israel’s 1.5 million Arabs…

    [Interruption with objections by Palestinians, Egypt, and Pakistan.]

    President gives UN Watch back the floor.

    Thank you, Mr. President.

    Israel’s 1.5 million Arabs, whatever challenges they face, enjoy full rights to vote and to be elected in the Knesset, they work as doctors and lawyers, they serve on the Supreme Court.

    Now I’d like to ask the members of that commission, that commissioned that report, the Arab states from which we just heard. Egypt, Iraq, and the others:

    How many Jews live in your countries? How many Jews live in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco?

    Once upon a time, the Middle East was full of Jews.

    Algeria had 140,000 Jews. Algeria, where are your Jews?

    Egypt used to have 75,000 Jews. Where are your Jews?

    Syria, you had tens of thousands of Jews. Where are your Jews?

    Iraq, you had over 135,000 Jews. Where are your Jews?

    Mr. President, where is the apartheid?

    Why is there a U.N. commission on the Middle East that does not include Israel? From the 1960s and the ‘70s they refuse to include Israel. Where is the apartheid, Mr. President?

    Mr. President, why are we meeting today on an agenda item singling out only one state, the Jewish state, for targeting.

    Where is the apartheid, Mr. President?

    UNHRC chamber goes silent.

    My Torah/bible is 3200 years old, and it details the borders of ancient Israel

    Can anyone find me palastine in the Quran ? No because it didn't exist when the Quran was being preached/written

    Shaykh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi – THE QUR'AN SAYS THAT ALLAH GAVE THE LAND OF ISRAEL TO THE JEWS
    AND WILL RESTORE THEM TO IT AT THE END OF DAYS

    "And thereafter We [Allah] said to the Children of Israel: 'Dwell securely in the Promised Land. And when the last warning will come to pass, we will gather you together in a mingled crowd.'" [Qur'an 17:104]

    The Qur'an and the Land of Israel

    Sheikh Ahmad Adwan, who introduces himself as a Muslim scholar who lives in Jordan, said on his personal Facebook page that there is no such thing as “Palestine” in the Koran. Allah has assigned the Holy Land to the Children of Israel until the Day of Judgment (Koran, Sura 5 – “The Sura of the Table”, Verse 21), and “We made the Children of Israel the inheritors (of the land)” (Koran, Sura 26 – “The Sura of the Poets”, Verse 59).

    Facts.

  20. The British are seeing karma with Brexit! It’s democracy is on a verge of collapse. So much for ruling and leaving the world in chaos.

  21. The problem is that the british promised one thing to the arabs, and totally different thing to the jews, and just left………..

  22. Jews and Arabs and Christians lived peacefully for a mellennia in Palestine. If the west bank was for the Arabs Then why are the settlers causing issues for any peace process they should go back to their own side and finally there should be a two state solution. Anyhow the long awaited Jewish Messiah is due soon and that will be the beginning of the end of that. The Messiah will claim to be God and that will be the end of this farce of Israel.

  23. This is a bad situation made worse by the Oslo accords. A fair solution would be a contiguous Palestinian West Bank and a contiguous Israeli West Bank.

  24. A two state solution is no longer possible. Israel must now decide whether it shall remain as a Jewish state or become an inclusive democracy.

  25. Hey why dont want to believe Israel was made by west to have control on midle east
    They are billionaire who control social medias that they are from this country do not believe them
    They want to war against Muslims because they are rich they dont want to see they improve like Germany or Jpan

  26. Why start drom 1946, why not start at about 1350 years ago when Muslims invaded the whole middle east, including Israel.
    I am an ex-Muslim now a Christian.

  27. I though it strange and very one sided to only show Jewish people getting kick out of Gaza and no mention of the Palestinians that are removed and homes demolished all the time…

  28. Even with lots of events missing it is clear that israel had followed an evil plan against Palestinians! May be because they kids of 😈

    The Land Belongs to Palestine
    You are illegal mr.israel

  29. If the England didn’t exist on earth, we wouldn’t know any word, like war and killing…
    Such a big layer (Vox) why don’t you say the truth.

  30. This is a world fabricated lie. The world claims are fraudulent and man made. How can you claim The most high divine value and operate in the midst of the Devil. The inconvenience of convenience is a tool created to oppress people and the money that is shuffled around at the cost of human life animal life and nature is the operating force that enables the life of the Evil. Be still in all you do tune out the distractions of the world, for the day is truly evil in its intentions. See it as it is that we as a people are glorifying the killing of other people for comfort of conformity.

  31. I'm a American German and never cared for Israel, but I have gained so much respect for the people of Israel and wish them the best

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